Color: Varies by species but most species’ males have some red on the head and most have various patters of black and white bodies.
Legs 2
Shape Bird
Size 7 – 15 inches in length
Region Found throughout the U.S.


Twenty one species of woodpeckers inhabit the United States. These birds are federally protected and cannot be destroyed.


Woodpeckers usually peck at dead or diseased trees/limbs, but they have also been known to peck at buildings, siding, metal and/or air conditioners. Woodpeckers peck in order to find food, excavate areas for nesting, or create room for food storage. These birds can have two or three broods per year, each with three to six young.


Found mostly in or on the edge of wooded areas due to food prevalence and preference for living in or near trees. They can nest in structures, fences, poles, and sign posts.


Damage caused by woodpeckers in structures can range from holes in wood to damaged siding and air conditioning units, making woodpecker management vital.

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